It is also highly probable that the earth has experienced a myriad of intense gravitational events over its history, during unstable periods of solar radiation, and from the ripples of other catastrophic cosmic events.I am very curious to read any research in this area. Arrange carbon atoms in one way, and they become soft, pliable graphite. — the atoms form diamond, one of the hardest materials in the world.Carbon is also the key ingredient for most life on Earth; the pigment that made the first tattoos; and the basis for technological marvels such as graphene, which is a material stronger than steel and more flexible than rubber.And I don't understand this remark: "the rate of radioactive decay may be nearly absolute". For all intents and purposes, the Earth represents one frame of reference, as @kwinkunks states. Yes the gravitational field on top of a mountain is slightly less than at sea level. Variations in gravity over the Earth's surface typically vary at most by a few hundred milligals (ie. I doubt you would be able to measure General Relativistic effects due to such small field changes (even integrated over 10,000 years) - and even if you could, they are much smaller than other sources of error (e.g. You could possibly measure them over a thousand years with current tech - we're really quite good at measuring time accurately - but the important point here is your last one: that the resulting error would be miniscule compared to the other uncertainties inherent in C14 dating. Compare two hypothetical substances at the peak of Chimborazo (the highest peak in the world with respect to distance from the center of the Earth).Gravitational time dilation is a function of gravitational potential rather than gravitational acceleration. Suppose one of those substances spent all of the last 4.5 billion years at several thousand meters above sea level, while the other spent almost all of the last 4.5 billion years at the center of the Earth before migrating to the top of Chimborazo. The substance that spent almost all of its earthly existence at the center of the Earth will be a couple of days younger than the other substance.One of the most extraordinary, not to mention useful, avails of science is its ability to comment with accuracy on the past.
Just the facts Carbon: From stars to life As the sixth-most abundant element in the universe, carbon forms in the belly of stars in a reaction called the triple-alpha process, according to the Swinburne Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing.You're talking about relativity, so you need to explain your frames of reference.We're on earth along with all the effects you mention, so there's no time dilation.We have all sought and found these connections to our past—in museums, in books, in the ground. And it is ingrained in us so early, so matter-of-factly, that it permeates most of our existences without demanding critical reflection. Anatoly Timofeyevich Fomenko would like to blow your mind now, please.He will be assisted by chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov, as well as Sir Isaac Newton.